The Swimming Pool Work Scope Involvement

In evaluating the construction involvement for building a Swimming Pool / Spa project, a commitment to defined measurements should be connected to any costing estimate;

Click HERE to view Units of Measurement

In our proposals, measurements are collected into a framework for accounting and assessing the value for size and scope, then allocated a respective costs for the performances for each Work Scope segment being considered.

We have organized our approach to quantifying, via this “Web-form“, so that our clients can to engage this process with us, as the determinations that are to be made for what is going to become applicable will most certainly effect the costs for any given performance.

Our “Web-form” below has been developed as a tool for collecting the most pertinent information for pricing your project. Although at first glance you may be stumped by some of the informational questions, investing a little time into developing a better understanding for your purchase will make you a more informed consumer.

For us, better informed consumers are happier with their purchases, as they have weighted the value being received in the foundation of fact.

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  • Swimming Pool Shape Options

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    ITEM DESCRIPTION: These are the four most popular swimming pool equipment manufactures. We recommend Pentair as our first choice, mainly because of the (3) year factory warranty support.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Selecting a pool shape / spa is where we like to start the design process. From their, the size can be made proportionate to the space available and the other yard "Usage Zones" can be allocated a fair balanced space, as well.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Several elements for consideration involve the sizing of a swimming pool / spa. The bather load, the usage activities. The purpose of presentation as a component to the overall yard space together with the order of importance of the pool's contribution.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The pool's depth will effect the corresponding water volume. This may result in longer durations or higher flow rates for filtration cycling. Also...the deeper the pool the cooler it will stay, depending upon sun exposure and interior plaster color. Typically today's industry standard depths are 6'-0" deep at the end and 3'-6" at the shallow end. In some cases a "Play Pool" bottom conformity will place the deepest part of the pool in the center and have two shallow ends at opposing ends. These often will be 3'-6" at one end and 4'-6" at the other, with entry steps at both end.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Skimmers are a suction function of the filtration system, in combination with the Main Drains. Skimmers will be equipped with a leaf catching basket that becomes part of the serviceability of maintenance operations. They work most effectively when placed in a pool at specific locations that have anticipated a slight lull in surface movement . These locations should consider the desired effects for creating a draw of surface water where floating debris can be taken into the Skimmer's throat and captured into the leaf basket. Generally speaking, the Skimmer quantity will correspond to 1:500-SF ratio. The independent plumbing of all suction devices to the equipment pad is an important part of being able to balance flow and modify a pool's maintainable behavior. WE DO NOT CONNECT MAIN DRAINS TO THE SKIMMER'S EQUALIZER LINE. (SEE MAIN DRAINS AND RETURN LINES BELOW)
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Main Drain (s) are a suction function of the filtration system, in combination with the Skimmer (s). Main Drains will be equipped with a Code compliant VGBA "Dual Split" grate cover, as well as the Skimmer's independent Equalizer line. They work most effectively when placed at the deepest part of the pool's bottom. All grate cover lids must consider the overall flow rate and not exceed the Mfg.s recommendations. The independent plumbing of all suction devices to the equipment pad is an important part of being able to balance flow and modify a pool's maintainable behavior. WE DO NOT CONNECT MAIN DRAINS TO THE SKIMMER'S EQUALIZER LINE. (SEE MAIN DRAINS AND RETURN LINES BELOW)
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Return line (s) water to the pool, is usually the effluent water being discharged from the filtration system. This is in combination with the Skimmer (s) and Main Drain (s) suction function. These effluent water functions work most effectively when installed into the pool's side wall, at approximately 12" +/- below the static water level. Additionally, these inlets can be outfitted with an "insider fitting" which is adjustable, having a directional swivel eyeball that can be pointed toward the surface. In doing so,...it increases the exiting water's velocity from the return line, which creates turbulence at the surface. As this directional water breaks the surface, it increase surface velocity, aiding the counter-clockwise rotation objective. When adequately planned for, this technique accelerates the movement of floating debris toward the throat of the surface Skimmer (s) and when placed correctly, creates slower movement in front of the Skimmer (s), which allows the suction of the Skimmer (s) to draw the floating debris into the Skimmer (s) and deposit it into the basket, before it has a chance to settle to the bottom of the pool. Return lines should be plumbed independently to the equipment pad in (1) one 2.00" runs, which are then split into (2) two 1.50" inlets into the pool. Typically there will be a 4:500-SF ratio for 1.50" return lines but, these also must meet the gpm / fps flow / velocity criteria for 2010 Title 24 Energy Efficiency Standards and turnover pool water volume rates. SEE POOL VOLUME TURNOVER RATE.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Hot Water Floor Returns are an option for heating the pool / spa more effectively and more efficiently. Delivering heated water to the bottom of the pool, whether from a solar system or a gas fired heater, will result in the heat being exchanged slower due to greater density of the water at the molecular level. This corresponds with the dissipation of heat between H2O molecules at a slower rate than between the losses from the interface of the water surface with the air. Heat at the surface is lost due to the water going to vapor and 90% of the heat loss in a pool is due to this atmospheric exchange. Heating from the bottom and covering the pool will make the heating result in a 67% more efficient use of energy.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: In today's industry standards for residential swimming pools / spas, the lighting considerations can be addressed most effectively by employing 12v LED lights. This will generally require using a few more lights, whereas they can be placed at strategic locations (entry steps, descending depth transitions, special features, Patios, Landscaping, etc.), resulting in dramatic color changing affects. Lighting considerations can also be configured into specific function relay controlled areas of zone lighting operations i.e. Pool, Spa, Landscape, Patio, Up-lighting, Down Lighting, etc.that can become orchestrated into different mood conditions. It's all about the planning when maximizing the intended lighting performance. SEE AUTOMATION BELOW
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Basically,...there are (3) three different types of pool cleaning devices. 1.) Suction Side, 2.) Pressure Side and 3.) In-Floor. Suction Side is our recommendation, as this type of cleaner (when installed with a Debris Canister) can provide the best level of combined cleaning / filtration. The suction cleaner's hose is essentially a 1.25" vacuum hose that draws water into the filter. This cleaning operation works together with the Debris Canister by picking up the bottom debris and dirt and depositing it into the larger basket before the pump's basket. The Debris Canister is installed as a separate 1.50" line between the pool and the pump, making it easier to service and keeping water flow uninterrupted when the cleaner is offline. The remaining dirt that becomes suspended in the water is then passed through the filter and becomes filtered out by the filter's media. SEE DEBRIS CANISTER OPTION.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: A Debris Canister is essentially a high capacity, easily serviceable debris basket that allows the pool cleaner's collected debris to be become deposited in this deck level device. It is plumbed as a independent 1.50" suction line, that is then valved at the equipment pad and if automated it can be programed as an on-line or offline function. This feature is an option and is our recommendation for keeping your pool more easily maintained and energy efficient. It's function is collaborative with accomplishing water filtration, while using the same pump to perform both operations simultaneously. SEE POOL CLEANER.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Basically there are (3) three different types of filtration systems, 1.) Sand, 2.) Cartridge and 3.) Diatomaceous Earth (D.E.). We recommend Sand, as it is Sand, that is the most energy efficient and it accomplishes a filtration micron clarity level that is two times smaller than what the naked human eye can distinguish, at clean stage. As any filter gets dirtier,...it will filter finer particle sizes and at dirty stage a Sand filter, filters our particle sizes that are four times smaller than what can be seen with the naked human eye. All pool / spa equipment (Filter, Valve, Feeder, Heater, etc..) will cause hydraulic head loss (HHL) and Filters that over filter water, will cause an unnecessary reduction in flow. When this happens, it will take longer for the pool's water volume to make a turnover, and it will use more electricity. 2.) Cartridge and 3.) D.E. filters will impede flow by as much as 50%, at their dirty stage and even at clean stage their micron impedance is four times lower than Sand. Sand Filters are outfitted with a Backwash Valve Assembly and are not required to be disassembled in order to clean.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Maintaining residential swimming pool sanitation levels is critiqued by officials differently than commercial sanitation. Speaking for the residential side of things, we recommend utilizing a combination approach that can reduce the amount of chemicals that will be required. This would involve an Ozone Generator, Ultra Violet UV System, in combination with a Chlorine / Bromine Feeder. The Ozone and UV systems will do a great job for the most part and when water temperatures raise and the bacteria count increase, the Feeder can arrest prolific algae growth with an on-line or off-line choice. Commercial standards are usually dealt with by using a Chemical Dosser, as it is imperative that disease control and public safety is the #1 concern in public pools / spa.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Pool and spa automation systems can be as simple as an on / off switch or 24-Hrs. Time Clock, to that of an advanced internet smart phone communication device, that can remotely activate any grouping or single backyard function. What's most important in planning for the ultimate relaxation time, and the ease of operation is a fundamental component to be considered! Pentair EasyTouch or Intellitouch Systems allow power to be activated via a series of relays. Relays are essentially an electronic switch that can be programmed through the Automatic Controller device's personality. The personality can also be EasyTouch simplified or IntelliTouch sophisticated. We recommend the EasyTouch, for most residential projects, as it is a middle balance between program-ability and value actuator control functions.
    Automation systems can involve several different system activation devices. This can involve switches, hardwired interior panels, wireless remote controls and smart phone interfacing. This will depend upon the ease of desired control-ability and the level of sophistication being considered from the automation system type.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The electrical power for the pool / spa equipment is pulled from the main electrical panel. This 240v power supply is routed to a sub-panel and the ampere load demand for the cumulative total of all power is distributed amongst individual circuit breakers. The individual breaker sizes are determined on the basis of the individual component's (Pumps, Lights, Heater, etc...) ampere load demand.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The electrical conduit's distance, that runs between the main electrical panel and the pool / spa equipment sub-panel is one of the determining factors for sizing the conductor / wire that will feed the sub-panel's power. This information together with the intended voltage use (240v / 120v), the type of conductor (aluminum or copper) and the total ampere load is calculated and must not exceed the NEC's guidelines of 3.00% AVL under full load conditions. SEE SUB-PANEL AMPERE RATING.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The supply of power to a given property can involve overhead or underground routing. The placement of a pool / spa in proximity to overhead power lines must follow the guidelines for clearance distances. Additionally, underground routing can be in conflict with the placement of a pool / spa, so it is important to become aware of how the power is being routed and where the power supply runs.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: There are (2) two types of gas, 1.) Liquid Propane Gas (LPG) and 2.) Natural Gas. Each of these have different requirements regarding the preparation process, maximum distances of piping runs, pipe sizing, working pressures, venting and other considerations. It is important to identify the type of gas being supplied to the property in order to be able to properly plan, design and install gas pipe correctly.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The distance from the Natural Gas meter or the LPG Tank, to the equipment pad is part of the determination for pipe sizing. Natural Gas is more critical, as the available pressure after the meter is regulated down to less than a 0.50 psi (11-W.C.IN.).
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: There are several ways of providing heated water to a pool / spa. The most common is by using a GAS HEATER. Due to the kilowatt power consumption of an ELECTRIC HEATER and the cost for electric power in most areas, electric heaters are rarely utilized for in-ground pools and or spas. As an in season supplemental, solar heating can be added, either as IN-DECK SOLAR or as ROOF MOUNTED SOLAR. The roof type solar generally won't have a product warranty longer than 5-years, whereas in-deck will have a 20-year warranty. Additionally, roof solar only has a thermal contribution availability window from approximently 11:30 am to about 5:00 pm. This requires a pump to operate during daytime hours and because roof solar is often run parasitically with the Filter Pump, a system needs to be running during "peak usage hours", this is where the energy supplier charges more per kWh during peak energy demand periods. In-deck solar heating can be run at night, during off-peak hours. As it is encapsulated in the concrete decking and when enabled by the correct sun exposure, it is heated up all day in the direct sunlight during daylight hours, acting as a storage container for heat, which can then be transferred after sundown. HEAT PUMPS are also a possibility but, during prolonged cold spells these are less dependable for heating purposes. In some cases, GEOTHERMAL heat can be extracted from deep within the earth via heat exchangers and this can also be a heating source but, due to the costs associated with drilling deep into the earth and the unknowns regarding the subsoil stratum's composition costs can range.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: Each Gas consuming device will have a BTU Rating, which will need to be known in order to distribute and properly size the gas supply line.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The entire perimeter of a pool / spa is refereed to as the 'Bond Beam". The term "Raised Bond Beam" is where a portion of the pool steps up in elevation. This elevated portion will step up in 6" increments and be referenced on plan as; +6" RBB, +12" RBB, +18" RBB and so on...Standard engineering can accommodate these sections as long as the overall height of the entire pool wall doesn't' exceed +11'-0". Therefore a 6'-0" pool depth with a standard steel schedule can accommodate up to a 5'-0" maximum Raised Bond Beam height.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: There are many different topical applications that can involve a pool / spa Raised Bond Beam. Being aware of the product selections, prior to committing to the Raised Bond Beam conformity can eliminate duplicated efforts. Additionally,...when craving Gunite during the Faux Rockery process, it is important to have already confirmed the Faux texture, rockery shape, size, heights, density, etc...prior to committing the Raised Bond Beam conformity.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: The entire perimeter of a pool / spa is refereed to as the 'Bond Beam". The term "Raised Bond Beam" is where a portion of the pool steps up in elevation. This elevated portion will step up in 6" increments and be referenced on plan as; +6" RBB, +12" RBB, +18" RBB and so on...Standard engineering can accommodate these sections as long as the overall height of the entire pool wall doesn't' exceed +11'-0". Therefore a 6'-0" pool depth with a standard steel schedule can accommodate up to a 5'-0" maximum Raised Bond Beam height.
    ITEM DESCRIPTION: There are many different topical applications that can involve a pool / spa Raised Bond Beam. Being aware of the product selections, prior to committing to the Raised Bond Beam conformity can eliminate duplicated efforts. Additionally,...when craving Gunite during the Faux Rockery process, it is important to have already confirmed the Faux texture, rockery shape, size, heights, density, etc...prior to committing the Raised Bond Beam conformity.
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